The Journal for Interdisciplinary Middle Eastern Studies

Incoherence in the Process of Transformation of the Metwali into Jaʿfari Shiʿa and the Consequent Militant Mobilization of the Twelver Shiʿa

Incoherence in the Process of Transformation of the Metwali into Ja’fari Shi‘a and the Consequent Militant Mobilization of the Twelver Shi‘a

  • Abir A. Chaaban

Abstract

This article proposes a way to analyze discourses about regularization and the resistance to regularization with the aim of de-functionalizing the coherence of the discourse about the regularization of confessionalism proliferating around the Syrian conflict. A differentiation is identified in the coherence of the discourse about the recruitment and mobilization of Hezbollah into Twelver Shi‘a militancy, which is correlated to the process of transforming the non-Arab identity of the Metwali into a Shi‘a Arab identity, and the massive mobilization that took place to abolish confessionalism during the August 23rd, 2015 riots in Lebanon. The analysis employs an ethnographic research design that empirically bridges between Michel Foucault’s framework of analysis, articulated in The Archeology of Knowledge (1972) and The Subject and Power (1982) and applied in Society Must Be Defended (1997), and Harold Innis’ geopolitical analysis of the power relations between the center and the periphery in Empire and Communication (2007), and The Bias of Communication (1951).

Keywords

  • Michel Foucault
  • Harold Innis
  • Metwali
  • Shi‘a
  • Confessionalism
  • Lebanon
  • Sectarian Identity

To cite this article: Abir A. Chaaban, “Incoherence in the Process of Transformation of the Metwali into Ja’fari Shi‘a and the Consequent Militant Mobilization of the Twelver Shi‘a”, The Journal for Interdisciplinary Middle Eastern Studies, 1 (2017), pp. 127-156.

ISSN (Print): 2522-347X
ISSN (Online): 2522-6959

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